Between Total Devotion and Overburdening: Success and Limits of the 19th Century Priestly Ideal. In the second half of the 20th century, the 19th century image of the priest came under suspicion of having promoted immaturity and the repression of instincts through sacralisation and exaltation. The article gives an overview of the history of the priestly ideal: the presbyter's office was initially sacerdotalised; in the second millennium, however, the model of the shepherd and pastor became increasingly important. In the 19th century, the priestly ideal underwent another fundamental change, thus bearing the characteristics of that modernity against which it seeks to immunise. More and more, spiritual total dedication is demanded, so that the danger of being overburdened has eventually grown.